How do I become a Television Cameraman?

Being a television cameraman isn't just about pointing a camera and getting nice pictures. There is much more to it than that. Ask yourself a few questions:

  1. Am I passionate about pictures, both still and moving?
  2. Do I have normal colour vision?
  3. Am I reasonably fit and active?
  4. Can I work with people, even people I dislike or whose views I disagree with, without openly displaying my own feelings?
  5. Can I assess a situation and make an immediate decision?
  6. Can I visualise what a picture would look like without having to go and stand in the place I would take it from?
  7.  Do I know how to control depth of field?
  8. Can I choose the correct lens and angle of view for a particular shot?
  9. Do I know how colour balance affects a picture?
  10. Would a camera on a mounting or a handheld one be more appropriate?

How did you do? If you scored ‘Yes' to the first five questions, you have the basic attributes that a good, all-round cameraman needs. The rest will come with training and experience. Make no mistake though, it won't be easy and probably won't happen quickly. As you master the basics, there will also be fast-moving technology to contend with; new cameras and recording formats, changes in workflow driven by tapeless media and post production requirements.

What's in a name?

At this point it is worth stating that ‘Cameraman' is historically a generic title, and applies equally today to both men and women. Also ‘reasonably fit and active' can include people with physical disabilities.

Getting started

Unlike the film industry, there isn't a formal route to becoming a television cameraman. The days of major broadcasters, especially the BBC in the United Kingdom, training their cameramen in-house to a very high level have all but disappeared. Today, many cameramen enter the industry via colleges or universities offering courses in film and television production. If that is the route you choose, look carefully at what each course is offering, and ask how much practical work there would be on cameras, the type of equipment they have in their studios and for location work, and whether the course uses visiting lecturers who currently work as cameramen. Many courses concentrate more on production than acquisition, so make sure that the course you choose will give you a good grounding in and knowledge of the basics of camerawork.

An alternative route is to initially work for a facilities house or rental company. It may seem a little strange, but you would get to know the equipment and how it all fits together, and most importantly, meet some of the clients and cameramen taking delivery ready for a shoot. Television cameramen are generally a pretty friendly bunch of people, and if you show an interest and have taken the time to do some research, many will take the time to explain how and why things work. This could help lead on to the next method, learning ‘on the job'.

Useful contacts

Learning on the job doesn't mean just picking up a camera and offering yourself as a cameraman! It means finding a cameraman, or group of cameramen, who will help you gain the skills needed to become a cameraman in your own right. Initially, where possible, and if the various insurances permit, you may get the chance to observe studio or location operations. There is a lot to take in, and don't think that because you are not at college there is less reading and learning to do. The difference is that you will be covering just the relevant areas on your own with guidance from your mentors, but will also get the opportunity to get to know some of the equipment they are using. That can often lead to paid work as a camera assistant and a further chance to hone your skills.

If you decide a career as a television cameraman is for you, whether in multi- or single camera, drama, entertainment, sport, documentary, wildlife, newsgathering, or a combination of the various disciplines, come back to the GTC website www.gtc.org.uk and take a look around. You could even join us as a Student member and get access to the resources only available to our members.

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Visual Impact: Post IBC events

Visual Impact: Post IBC events
12–25/10/2017 @ Visual Impact, Teddington Business Park, Station Road, Teddington TW11 9BQ

Rory Peck Awards 2017

Rory Peck Awards 2017
23 Oct 17 @ Sadler's Wells, Rosebury Avenue, London EC1R 4TN

Finepoint: Sony HDC-4800 webinar

Finepoint: Sony HDC-4800 webinar
31 Oct 17 @ Webinar: online

BPS URSA Mini Pro/DaVinci Resolve 14 Open Day

BPS URSA Mini Pro/DaVinci Resolve 14 Open Day
1 Nov 17 @ The Bell Inn, 8 Thames St, Hampton, TW12 2EA

Media Technology Day

Media Technology Day
1 Nov 17 @ Ham Yard Hotel, One Ham Yard, London W1D 7DT

KitPlus Show, Manchester

KitPlus Show, Manchester
7 Nov 17 @ MediaCityUK Studios, The Open Centre, Broadway, Salford M50 2HQ

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